Point of View
- Point of View: refers to who the narrator is and what information he or she provides.
- First-Person Point of View: The narrator is one of the characters and uses pronouns such as I, me, we, my, and our when telling the story.
- Third-Person Point of View: The narrator is someone outside of the story who tells what happens. This narrator uses pronouns such as he, she, and they.
- Third-Person Limited Point of View: The narrator recounts events as a single character in the story might experience them but is not part of the story.
- Third-Person Omniscient Point of View: The narrator knows all, sees all, and can explain the thoughts of more than one character.
- Irony: refers to the difference between what is expected to occur and what actually happens or between what is said and what is meant. Authors often use irony to emphasize a theme or a viewpoint they want to covey to readers.
- Verbal Irony: contrast between what is said and what is meant.
- Situational Irony: contrast between what the reader or character expects will occur and what actually happens. It often involves an outcome that is viewed as unexpected or not what "ought" to happen.
- Dramatic Irony: contrast between what a character thinks is true and what the reader knows is true.
- A Flashback: is an interruption in a story's sequence of events. It takes a reader back to an earlier time and shows something that happened in the past. That event helps inform the reader about a character's history. It also helps the reader understand the character's thoughts, feelings, or actions in the present-day part of the story.
- Foreshadowing: is the use of clues to suggest what will happen later in the story. Sometimes the reference is obvious, it is only hinted at through characters' actions and dialogue. Foreshadowing creates anticipation for the reader so that he or she will want to read on to learn the outcome of the story.
- Conflict: refers to a struggle or problem a character must overcome. A story must involve some type of conflict. The conflict produces tension and drives the action of the plot.
- Person vs. Person: a character struggles with one or more other characters.
- Person vs. Nature: a character struggles with an element of nature, such as weather or an animal.
- Person vs. Society: a character struggles with an element of society (such as the law or a social tradition) that represents the accepted or correct way of doing things.
- Person vs. Self: a character experiences an internal struggle with his or her own will, values, beliefs, or fears.
Dimensions: 17"H x 22"W
Grade Level: 4-9
- 4 Posters
- 4 Reproducible activity sheets
- Teacher's guide
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