- Mystery: A story involving a puzzling crime or another suspenseful event.
- Science Fiction: A story in which science is used to create an extraordinary plot.
- Fantasy: A story with characters and events that could not exist in real life and have no basis in science.
- Historical Fiction: A made-up story that takes place during an actual time in history.
- Drama: A story designed to be acted out.
- Realistic Fiction: A story set in the present and involving events that could actually happen.
- Adventure: A story that involves dangerous or daring events.
- Folktale: A story that was originally told rather than written down.
- Poetry: Writing in which the meaning and sound of words are especially important.
- Nonfiction: Factual writing that informs a reader about a topic.
Elements of Literature
- Plot: The events that occur in a story.
- Theme: The central idea or lesson about life a story conveys.
- Setting: Where and when a story takes place.
- Characterization: The development of the characters in a story.
- Conflict: A struggle or problem a character must overcome.
- Mood: The feeling a reader gets from a story.
- Style: The way an author uses language to write a story.
- Tone: The author's voice or attitude about what he or she writes.
- Point of View: Who the narrator is and what information he or she provides.
- Foreshadowing: The use of clues to suggest what will happen later in a story.
- Metaphor: A comparison that does not include the words like or as.
- Simile: A comparison that includes the words like or as.
- Hyperbole: Extreme exaggeration used to make a point.
- Personification: The act of giving human qualities to animals or inanimate objects.
- Idiom: An expression whose meaning is different from the meanings of its individual words.
- Symbol: An object that represents an idea.
- Onomatopoeia: A word whose sound suggests its meaning.
- Understatement: A statement that is weakened in order to convey a stronger meaning.
- Alliteration: The repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of words.
- Cliché : An overused or predictable expression.
Why Read Literature?
- To learn about new places
- To learn about other people
- To learn about the past or imagine the future
- To learn about new topics and ideas
- To experience other points of view
- To learn about yourself
- To develop your imagination
- To exercise your brain
- To become a better writer
- To have fun
Dimensions: 17"H x 22"W
Grade Level: 4-9
- 4 Posters
- 4 Reproducible activity sheets
- Teacher's guide
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